Approaches to Knowledge Management

There is a broad range of thought on Knowledge Management with no unanimous definition. Knowledge Management may be viewed from each of the following perspectives:

  1. Techno-centric: A focus on technology, ideally those that enhance knowledge sharing/growth.

  2. Organizational: How does the organization need to be designed to facilitate knowledge processes? Which organizations work best with what processes?

  3. Ecological: Seeing the interaction of people, identity, knowledge and environmental factors as a complex adaptive system.

In addition, as the discipline is maturing, there is an increasing presence of academic debates within epistemology emerging in both the theory and practice of knowledge management. British and Australian standards bodies both have produced documents that attempt to bound and scope the field, but these have received limited acceptance or awareness.